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Should Cesareans Be Reserved Only for High-Risk Patients?


Waiting, screaming, waiting then screaming some more, this sums up my birthing experience.  How about yours?

Should Cesareans Be Reserved Only for High-Risk Patients?

Having gone into the experience with the idea of a natural birth I was surprised at how quickly my “birthing plan” became obsolete.  The unbearable pain and uncertainty made me vulnerable and emotionally raw. I would have done anything the doctors asked if only it meant getting that baby out and NOW!

I was fortunate though, my doctors were patient and optimistic. They believed  I could do it! Had the option of a cesarean been presented, I am sure I would have gladly welcomed it by day two of labor.  Their belief in me was encouragement through the pain. It may have taken four days of hard labor, but today I don’t remember the pain just the joy that one last push brought me.

Should I schedule a C-section?

In recent years obstetricians believed it was a safer option to deliver via C-section.  It is an ideal option when it comes to saving mom and baby in high-risk deliveries. Throughout the years though, studies show C-sections have become overused and abused.  Two main reasons for this is that they are convenient and pose less of a threat for possible law suits.

Nearly 1 in 3 women in the U.S. gives birth by cesarean.  According to ACOG, one of the main reasons for a cesarean is a slowly progressing labor. This surgery can bring some serious health risks. Also, having one cesarean greatly increases the chances that a next pregnancy will end in one, too.

Today, the nation’s obstetricians are being urged to “show more patience in the delivery room.”

New guidelines say doctors should give otherwise healthy women more time to deliver their babies vaginally before assuming that labor has stalled. The recommendations are the latest in years of efforts to prevent unnecessary C-sections.

“Labor takes a little longer than we may have thought,” said Dr. Aaron Caughey, who co-authored the guidelines for the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists.

The recommendations are being published jointly Thursday by two groups of pregnancy specialists — ACOG and the Society for Maternal-Fetal Medicine — amid growing concern that C-sections are overused.

How long should labor take?

There’s no clear-cut deadline, and every woman is different, stressed Caughey, obstetrics chairman at the Oregon Health and Sciences University.

“My patients ask this every day,” he said. He tells them it can “run the gamut from six hours long, start to finish, to three and four days” at the other extreme.

Whether labor is too slow is assessed at different time points — and what doctors were taught in medical school about the different stages may not be the most up-to-date.

Recommendations for otherwise low-risk mothers and babies.

—Don’t order a C-section just because the first and longest phase of labor is prolonged. This so-called latent phase is when contractions are mild and far apart, and the mother’s cervix is barely dilated. Historically doctors considered it stalled if it lasted longer than 20 hours for a first-time mom, or 14 hours for other mothers.
—”Active labor” begins later than once thought, not until the cervix is dilated 6 centimeters. Active labor is when contractions become stronger and more frequent, and the cervix begins to dilate more rapidly until the woman eventually is ready to push. Doctors once thought active labor began when the cervix was dilated 4 centimeters, but recent research shows that dilation remains pretty slow until reaching the new threshold.

That’s an important change because many doctors won’t admit women to the hospital until they’re in active labor, unless they need more care for another reason.

“As soon as someone is admitted to the hospital, they’re kind of on the clock,” Caughey said.

—If women aren’t too tired, allow them to push at least two hours if they have delivered before, three hours if it’s their first baby. They may push longer if they had an epidural as long as the doctor can see progress.
—Forceps can offer a safe alternative to certain cesareans if used by an experienced, well-trained physician. Few physicians today undergo the training.

Know your options before labor

The advice shouldn’t be a surprise to doctors who’ve been paying attention to recent research about labor times, but it’s hard to predict how quickly they’ll change long-term practices, Caughey said.

Some women’s groups have long warned that rushed labor was fueling cesareans, and Lamaze International welcomed the guidelines and said mothers-to-be need to know them, too.

“They need to have a better understanding of what normal labor is,” said Lamaze president Michele Ondeck.

She advised expectant mothers to ask about the cesarean rate before choosing an obstetric practice, and then before the due date to discuss how the doctor supports women in labor and what he or she considers too long. If the doctor says labor has stalled, it’s OK to ask if mom or baby is in danger and if there are alternatives to an immediate cesarean, Ondeck said.

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Many Facts in This Article are Courtesy of the Associated Press

Should Cesareans Be Reserved Only for High-Risk Patients?

About Destaney Peters

  • Dick Fabulous

    “Should Cesareans Be Reserved Only for High-Risk Patients?”

    Are you asking me? I say yes.

    If you want to tell me something, maybe make your headline a statement rather than a question.

  • Skittles

    Hospitals pump these women full of Pitocin, then they have no choice but to get a C session (Pitocin makes labor unaturally painful). In N’ Out, like fast food, bed ready for someone else.
    Hospitals should care more about these women and let them do what they do naturally- labor and give birth, without a C-session which is major surgery.