A recent study conducted jointly by NSBRI and NASA reveals that travelling in space poses different health issues for men and women.
The institutions observed almost 477 male astronauts and 57 female ones for the study, all of whom have been to space up to June 2013.
It is reported that the six working groups collected information from spaceflights in which the astronauts had participated. They focused more on sensorimotor, behavioral, musculoskeletal, reproductive, cardiovascular and immunological systems in the study and also studied the bad impacts of space travel held for long periods of time.
Scientists discovered that men seem to tolerate spaceflight much better than women do as females had higher rates of UTIs (Urinary Tract Infections) and also experienced faster heart rates in times of stress.
Furthermore, it was also discovered that female astronauts experienced higher rates of cancer due to raditation exposure compared to males.
As for the men, the study states that men were more likely to experience loss of vision and hearing after space travel. Behavioral responses however were similar in both men and women.
Since the data was not sufficient enough, it was difficult for the researchers to conclude anything about the impact of space travel has on the immune systems of men and women.
Researchers further explain that they require more data to understand the impact space travel poses on health, particularly in female astronauts. They continue by saying that more research needs to be done to address the health and safety of astronauts successfully who go on long-term space travel missions, much beyond the ISS (International Space Station) and low-Earth orbit.