In another joint mission in space of the US and Russia, American Astronaut Scott Kelly and Russian Cosmonaut Mikhail Kornienko will spend 12 months on the ISS (International Space Station) starting in this year in the month of March, confirms NASA.
During their stay of one year in outer space, Kelly and Kornienko will conduct seven research experiments on the ISS to help scientists gather significant knowledge on the biomedical, psychological and medical challenges faced by astronauts in their long term of space flight.
The duo will gauge differences in vision, functionality, mental health, metabolic processes, microbes living in the body and physical performance, apart from the addition of behavioral changes, training retention and motor performance.
Another cluster of tests will be conducted on Kelly and Astronaut Mark Kelly, Scott Kelly’s twin brother who will stay on Earth.
NASA said in a statement, “These investigations will provide broader insight into the subtle effects and changes that may occur in spaceflight as compared to Earth by studying two individuals who have the same genetics, but are in different environments for one year.”
Mark Kelly’s experience includes piloting of Space Transportation System 108 (Endeavour), STS-124 (Discovery Commander) and STS-134 (Endeavour Commander).
The Experience of Scott Kelly includes STS-103 in the year of 1999, STS-118 in 2007 and a 159-day stay on the ISS starting on October 7, 2010.
It is going to be unusually lengthy space mission in the form of a typical NASA mission to the ISS lasts no more than a period of six months.