Migraine, a severely crippling form of headache, affects millions of people around the globe. This condition occurs due to the enlargement of the temporal artery, which stimulates the release of certain chemicals that spur inflammation of the blood vessels, followed by headache.
If you’re affected by this condition or know someone who is, here’s the best updated treatment options published in the journal Headache put forth by the American Headache Society.
According to the assessment, medications like non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs such as ibuprofen, naproxen and aspirin, along with others like dihydroergotamine and triptans make for the best treatment options for migraine. Apart from these, combination medications such as aspirin/caffeine/acetaminophen and naproxen/sumatriptan are highly effective. The assessment also makes note of the butorphanol nasal spray, and lists down several other medications as ‘probably effective.’
The researchers also stress that opioids like codeine/acetaminophen and tramadol/acetaminophen may be effective migraine treatments, but they are not recommended for frequent use due to the side effects they bring along.
“We hope that this assessment of the efficacy of currently available migraine therapies helps patients and their physicians utilize treatments that are the most appropriate for them,” study coauthor Stephen Silberstein, MD, said in an American Headache Society news release. He is a professor of neurology and director of the Jefferson Headache Center of Thomas Jefferson University in Philadelphia.