April 12th marks the 60th anniversary of the polio vaccine.
60 years ago, before the vaccine which saved many lives was developed, thousands of children across the globe crippled by this dangerous disease poliomyelitis.
Poliomyelitis or infantile paralysis is an infectious disease caused by poliovirus.
Jonas Salk introduced polio vaccine; it was the savior of lives. On April 12th, 1955 polio treatment was declared safe and effective and this marked a new beginning with a new goal to eradicate polio completely from the face of earth.
The funding of the March of Dimes by President Franklin Roosevelt boosted to find the cure of the disease. In a year, around 80 million people donated to the program.
The polio vaccine trail was the largest clinical trials in the history, with more than 1.8 million people participating in the trial.
Polio vaccine was developed by Salk and his team at the University of Pittsburg.
Polio trail was a success and it was declared safe, but to make the vaccine effective right number of drops should be given to the child.
Jonas Salk became a hero after he developed polio vaccine, his vaccine saved millions of children and it is still saving millions of children across the globe even after 60 years.
Salk was invited to White House.
During those times, there were at least 50,000 children with polio, some of them survived but left paralyzed, some of them died.
Since then, the goal is to eradicate polio; World Health Organization and National Health Organization are trying to pursue the goal. In every country polio has been eradicated except Pakistan, where 21 new cases of polio have been reported.
World Health Organization expects zero polio cases by 2018.
This is not an easy goal but when teamed up it is possible, United Nations Children’s Fund, World Health Organization, Rotary International, U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation with hundreds of volunteers are running vaccination drive, vaccination clinics and some are doing door to door campaign so that not even a single child is left.