The findings of a new study have revealed that women are at a 60% higher risk of being admitted to a hospital after undergoing an asthma attack treatment at an emergency department.
The researchers considered 2000 asthma patients for the study and checked which ones were hospitalized.
“It’s important to note the men and women whose charts we studied had certain things in common,” lead author of the study said. “Most had not been seen by an allergist, and had not used controller medications (inhaled corticosteroids) for their asthma. In addition, many were overweight and some were active smokers. A fairly high percentage did not have health insurance, although women had it more often than men. After adjusting for all those factors, we found that women were still 60 percent more likely to be hospitalized after being seen in an ED for acute asthma than men.”
The researchers also found that chronic asthma could be responsible for the condition of many of these patients, and around 13 percent of women and 12 percent of men have been intubated for asthma at some point of time. What’s more, they also found that women in particular, fell under the high risk population for poorly controlled asthma.
“It’s long been known that after puberty, asthma is more common in women than men” the researchers added. “Only 10 percent of the women in this study had been seen by an allergist in the last year. Many people aren’t aware that allergists are asthma specialists, and are among the best-equipped experts to help keep asthma under control. Those who see an allergist and use controller medications find themselves in the ED much less often, and experience fewer hospitalizations related to their asthma.”
The researchers speculate that this may be due to obstruction in airflow, influence of the sex hormones in females and possibly differences in hyper responsiveness in the bronchial tubes.