The findings of a new study have revealed that multi-drug resistant strains of the bacteria responsible for causing typhoid is spreading fast in many regions around the world, especially in developing countries.
This study included contributors from two dozen countries and revealed that the current problem of antibiotic resistant typhoid bacteria called H58 is now spreading globally.
“H58 is an example of an emerging multiple drug resistant pathogen which is rapidly spreading around the world,” the researchers say. “Typhoid affects around 30 million people each year and global surveillance at this scale is critical to address the ever increasing public health threat caused by multi-drug resistant typhoid in many developing countries around the world.”
These findings have also revealed that this new resistant strain of the typhoid bacteria is now fast displacing other strains that were present since centuries, and is completely transforming the genetic architecture of the disease.
Multi-drug resistant typhoid bacteria H58 has now spread across many regions in Africa and Asia, and has raised important health concerns.
What’s even more problematic is that vaccinations against this disease are not in use in these countries, and most of the time, the disease is controlled by the use of antimicrobial drugs.
“These results reinforce the message that bacteria do not obey international borders and any efforts to contain the spread of anti-microbial resistance must be globally coordinated,” the researchers added.
The findings of the study are now published in the journal Nature Genetics.